Demographic and lifestyle factors associated to weight excess in a Colombian population
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Sociological factors
Body mass index

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Buitrago-Gómez, M. A., Uribe-Forero, M. C., Cabarique-Pardo, L. R., Marín-Carrillo, L. F., Serrano-Gómez, S. E., & Wandurraga, E. A. (2021). Demographic and lifestyle factors associated to weight excess in a Colombian population. Revista Colombiana De Endocrinología, Diabetes &Amp; Metabolismo, 7(3), 155–162.


Introduction: Obesity is a disease of high interest in public health of multifactorial etiology. It is necessary to know the own environmental aspects of each region that contribute to the development to this disease. The aim was to evaluate the association between diverse demographic and psychosocial factors in childhood and adulthood with having weight excess in the present in a Colombian population.
Materials and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study. An electronic poll that evaluated demographic variables, childhood conditions and actual habits was applied to subjects older than 18 years who were attending to FOSCAL Hospital as patients or companions. We excluded people with cognitive deficiency, involuntary weight loss of 10 % or more and pregnant women.
Results: 490 participants were included in the analysis with a mean age of 31.4±15 years; 58.8 % were women and 91.4 % came from urban area. 44.8 % of the participants had weight excess (32.6 % had overweight and 12.2 % had obesity). We found association between actual age (OR: 1.11; CI 95 %: 1.04-1.19; p=0.0.002), weight achieved at the age of 18 (OR: 1.10; CI 95 %: 1.06-1.15; p<0.001) and have lived in a residential unit during childhood (OR: 0.40; CI 95 %: 0.18-0.88; p<0.001) with having weight excess in the present. A weight gain of 0.35 kg per year of life was documented. Other findings such as alcohol and psychoactive substances as well as weekly performed physical activity, were not associated.
Conclusions: Actual age, weight achieved at the age of 18 and have not lived in a residential unit were the associated factors to have weight excess in an adult Colombian population.
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